Alabama Voting Guide

Registration Deadline

Voter Registration Deadline: 14 days before Election Day

What Type of ID Do I Need to Register?

Alabama’s voter registration form asks for your Alabama driver’s license or ID number, or the last four digits of your Social Security Number. Failure to provide this information could prevent you from being registered. Make sure to provide this information on the registration form so the state can verify your identity and you don’t run into problems when you cast your ballot.

What Type of ID Do I Need to Vote?

Alabama requires photo ID to vote both in person and absentee. Acceptable photo IDs are:

  • A valid Alabama driver’s license or Alabama nondriver ID card
  • A valid Alabama voter photo ID card
  • Any other valid photo ID card issued by state or federal government
  • A valid US passport
  • A valid employee photo ID card issued by state, federal, or municipal government
  • A valid student or employee photo ID card from a public or private institution of higher learning in Alabama
  • A valid United States military photo ID card
  • A valid tribal photo ID card

If you vote absentee you must also submit a copy of valid photo ID with your ballot.

If you are asked to vote provisionally for failure to show photo ID, you must be able to provide photo ID to the county board of registrars no later than 5:00 p.m. on the Friday following the election. Board of registrars’ contact information is available  here.

Where Do I Vote?

  • Polling place locator is available online at
  • Voters must cast their ballots in the correct precinct. Sometimes there are multiple precincts in one polling place, so confirm your precinct ahead of time and get in the correct line! 

How Can I Vote?

By Mail via Absentee Ballot

For Alabama residents, requests for an absentee ballot must be received no later than five days before the election. Do not wait until the last minute to apply for an absentee ballot, especially if you are studying in another state! Unless there’s a medical emergency, your parents cannot hand in the absentee ballot request for you. To vote by mail via absentee ballot in Alabama, you need to have one of the following reasons:

  • You are enrolled as a student outside the county of your personal residence and consequently can’t get to the polls.
  • You will be out of the county, municipality (for municipal elections) or the state on Election Day.
  • You have a physical illness or infirmity which prevents you from going to the polls.
  • Your work shift overlaps with at least 10 of the hours the polls are open.
  • You are a in the armed forces (or are a dependent of a member of the armed forces).
  • You have been appointed as an election officer or named as a poll watcher at somewhere other than your regular polling location.

Early In Person via Absentee Ballot

The absentee rules cover voting early in person as well. You need one of the reasons above to be eligible to receive an absentee ballot (which can be delivered in person to the county registrar).

On Election Day

The polls are open from 7 a.m. until 7 p.m.

This Guide was prepared by FELN staff who are not licensed to practice law in Alabama and FELN intends that the information contained herein is used only as a general guide. This document should not be used as a substitute for consultation with a licensed Alabama legal professional.
Last updated June 2016